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The Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences was established pursuant to the order of the Emperor Peter I (in Russian) by the Decree of the Ruling Senate dated January 28 (February 8), 1724. The Academy was reinstated by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated November 21, 1991 as the supreme scientific institution of Russia.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is a civil self-governed non-commercial organization (institution). The Russian Academy of Sciences functions in compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Academy Charter. The Russian Academy of Sciences is the legal successor of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR within the territory of the Russian Federation.
Principal aim of the Russian Academy of Sciences consists in organization and performance of fundamental researches for the purpose of obtaining further knowledge of the natural, social and human development principles that promote technological, economic, social and cultural development in Russia.