Structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Academy of Sciences is the supreme scientific institution of the Russian
Federation and the leading center of fundamental research in natural and social
sciences in Russia.
status and structure of the Academy were being changed during almost three
centuries of its existence.
As consistent with historically formed status
and tasks, the Academy is shaped on scientific-branch and territorial basis and
includes 13 departments (by science subject), 3 regional branches, and 15 regional scientific centers.
The Academy is closely linked with the whole system of scientific research and higher education
in Russia. Scientific councils, committees and commissions organized in
accordance with the procedure determined by the RAS Presidium are attached to
The task of scientific councils (commissions) on most important problems of scientific
research consists first of all in analysis of research progress in
corresponding scientific subjects and directions, in participation in
coordination of scientific research carried out by institutions and
organizations of various departments.
Scientific councils are scientific and consultation bodies that are comprised of leading
scientists of the Academy of Science, branch academies, higher educational
institutions officers, representatives of ministries, administrations and
organizations engaged in solution of corresponding problem. Organization of
scientific sessions and conferences and participation in publishing activities
play an important role in methods of scientific councils work. Due to
participation of scientists representing various branches of science and
industry in scientific councils’ work, they facilitate basic research
achievements, popularization, practical application of research and development..
As a rule, scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific research are attached
to the Academy’s departments. Some scientific councils which cover range of
problems of several RAS departments are attached to the RAS Presidium.
The following scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific
research are attached to the RAS Presidium:
Council on Environmental Problems and Emergencies,
Council on World Ocean Problems,
Council on Arctic and Antarctic Study,
‘High Performance Systems and their Application‘,
‘Scientific Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure’,
on Image Processing Problems,
Council on Cultural and Environmental Heritage Study,
Council on Integrated Problem ‘Hydrophysics’,
Council on Integrated Problem ‘Radiophysical Methods of Seas and Oceans Study’,
Council on ‘Time and Navigation software problem‘,
Council on Combustion and Explosion,
on Russian Power Industry Development Problems,
Council ‘World Culture History’,
Council on CIS Countries Development Problems.
In order to
solve major problems that require integrated efforts of several authorities, Interdepartmental
councils are established by joint decisions of the Academy and the relevant
departments. Among them:
Council on Radiochemistry at the RAS Presidium and Nuclear Power Ministry of
Council on Integrated Problems of Physics, Chemistry and Biology,
Scientific and Technical Council on Radiation Safety Problems of Mayak
Production Association at the RAS Presidium and Nuclear Power Ministry of
Scientific Council on Space Power Problems at the RAS and Rosaviakosmos,
Scientific Council on Global Climate and Plants Environmental Stress at the
RAS, RAAS and MSU,
Scientific Council on Conventional Problems of Chemical and Biological Weapons
at the RAS Presidium and Rosboepripasy,
Council on Regional Scientific and Technical Development and Cooperation
Problems at Ministry of Industry and Science of Russia and the RAS.
functional councils are attached to the Presidium. Among them:
and Editorial Council,
Council on Research Instrument Engineering,
and Library Council,
Council on Exhibitions,
Council on Metrological Assurance and Standardization,
on Export Control,
on Cooperation with Government of Moscow and Moscow Region,
on the RAS Statute,
on the Chechen Republic and the North Caucasus Problems,
on Study of the Academician V.I. Vernadskiy Scientific Heritage,
on Study of the Academician N.N. Semenov Scientific Heritage,
to Combat Pseudoscience,
Commission to analyze and evaluate the scientific content of the federal state
educational standards and textbooks for elementary, middle and high schools, etc.
Academy participation in international scientific organizations, national
committees are established at the RAS Presidium and at the RAS departments.
following committees are attached to the Presidium:
Committee on International Geosphere and Biosphere Program,
Committee of International Scientific Committee on the World Ocean Study,
Committee of Russian Chemists,
Committee on Numeric Data Collection and Evaluation in Science and Engineering,
Committee of Pacific Ocean Scientific Association,
National Committee on the UNESCO Program ‘Human and Biosphere‘,
on System Analysis,
of Scientists for International Security and Arms Control.
Academy of Sciences continues to maintain contact with scientific societies and
associations. First scientific societies were founded as far back as XIX
century. For example, Mineralogical Society was founded in 1817, Russian
Geographical Society - in 1845, All-Russian Paleontological Society and I.P.
Pavlov’s Russian Physiological Society – in 1916. Scientific societies and
associations unite professional scientists, regardless of their place of work.
branches in different regions of the country thus facilitating scientific and
cultural development of Russian regional scientific centers.
perform considerable work towards development of the most important branches of
science, coordination of scientific research and engaging of scientists and
practitioners into solution of basic and applied problems. Scientific societies
and associations contribute greatly to popularization of latest scientific and
technical achievements, produce videos and cinemas, publish magazines,
collections, works, and help with scientific and methodical assistance to
teaching of specific subjects in higher and secondary educational institutions.
Societies play significant role in development of international affairs of Russian
the Russian Academy of Sciences maintains close links with 26 scientific
societies and 7 associations. Among them:
Society of Geneticists and Breeders,
Nikolskiy’s Germetological Society,
Soil Scientists Society,
Skryabin’s Helminthologists Society,
Pavlov’s Russian Physiological Society,
the Academy cooperates closely with:
of Electrical Engineers,
of Heat Power Engineers,
of Hydropower Engineers,
Association of International Law,
of Economic Scientific Institutions,
Association of Political Science,
Association of Conflict Management.