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Structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Academy of Sciences is the supreme scientific institution of the Russian
Federation and the leading center of fundamental research in natural and social
sciences in Russia.
status and structure of the Academy were being changed during almost three
centuries of its existence.
As consistent with historically formed status
and tasks, the Academy is shaped on scientific-branch and territorial basis and
includes 13 departments (by science subject), 3 regional branches, and 15 regional scientific centers.
The Academy is closely linked with the whole system of scientific research and higher education
in Russia. Scientific councils, committees and commissions organized in
accordance with the procedure determined by the RAS Presidium are attached to
The task of scientific councils (commissions) on most important problems of scientific
research consists first of all in analysis of research progress in
corresponding scientific subjects and directions, in participation in
coordination of scientific research carried out by institutions and
organizations of various departments.
Scientific councils are scientific and consultation bodies that are comprised of leading
scientists of the Academy of Science, branch academies, higher educational
institutions officers, representatives of ministries, administrations and
organizations engaged in solution of corresponding problem. Organization of
scientific sessions and conferences and participation in publishing activities
play an important role in methods of scientific councils work. Due to
participation of scientists representing various branches of science and
industry in scientific councils’ work, they facilitate basic research
achievements, popularization, practical application of research and development..
As a rule, scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific research are attached
to the Academy’s departments. Some scientific councils which cover range of
problems of several RAS departments are attached to the RAS Presidium.
The following scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific
research are attached to the RAS Presidium:
In order to
solve major problems that require integrated efforts of several authorities, Interdepartmental
councils are established by joint decisions of the Academy and the relevant
departments. Among them:
functional councils are attached to the Presidium. Among them:
Academy participation in international scientific organizations, national
committees are established at the RAS Presidium and at the RAS departments.
following committees are attached to the Presidium:
Academy of Sciences continues to maintain contact with scientific societies and
associations. First scientific societies were founded as far back as XIX
century. For example, Mineralogical Society was founded in 1817, Russian
Geographical Society - in 1845, All-Russian Paleontological Society and I.P.
Pavlov’s Russian Physiological Society – in 1916. Scientific societies and
associations unite professional scientists, regardless of their place of work.
branches in different regions of the country thus facilitating scientific and
cultural development of Russian regional scientific centers.
perform considerable work towards development of the most important branches of
science, coordination of scientific research and engaging of scientists and
practitioners into solution of basic and applied problems. Scientific societies
and associations contribute greatly to popularization of latest scientific and
technical achievements, produce videos and cinemas, publish magazines,
collections, works, and help with scientific and methodical assistance to
teaching of specific subjects in higher and secondary educational institutions.
Societies play significant role in development of international affairs of Russian
the Russian Academy of Sciences maintains close links with 26 scientific
societies and 7 associations. Among them:
the Academy cooperates closely with: