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Structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences

The Russian Academy of Sciences is the supreme scientific institution of the Russian Federation and the leading center of fundamental research in natural and social sciences in Russia.

Objectives, status and structure of the Academy were being changed during almost three centuries of its existence.

As consistent with historically formed status and tasks, the Academy is shaped on scientific-branch and territorial basis and includes 13 departments (by science subject), 3 regional branches, and 15 regional scientific centers.

The Academy is closely linked with the whole system of scientific research and higher education in Russia. Scientific councils, committees and commissions organized in accordance with the procedure determined by the RAS Presidium are attached to the Academy.

The task of scientific councils (commissions) on most important problems of scientific research consists first of all in analysis of research progress in corresponding scientific subjects and directions, in participation in coordination of scientific research carried out by institutions and organizations of various departments.

Scientific councils are scientific and consultation bodies that are comprised of leading scientists of the Academy of Science, branch academies, higher educational institutions officers, representatives of ministries, administrations and organizations engaged in solution of corresponding problem. Organization of scientific sessions and conferences and participation in publishing activities play an important role in methods of scientific councils work. Due to participation of scientists representing various branches of science and industry in scientific councils’ work, they facilitate basic research achievements, popularization, practical application of research and development..

As a rule, scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific research are attached to the Academy’s departments. Some scientific councils which cover range of problems of several RAS departments are attached to the RAS Presidium.

The following scientific councils on the most important problems of scientific research are attached to the RAS Presidium:

In order to solve major problems that require integrated efforts of several authorities, Interdepartmental councils are established by joint decisions of the Academy and the relevant departments. Among them:

Besides, functional councils are attached to the Presidium. Among them:

For the Academy participation in international scientific organizations, national committees are established at the RAS Presidium and at the RAS departments.

The following committees are attached to the Presidium:

The Russian Academy of Sciences continues to maintain contact with scientific societies and associations. First scientific societies were founded as far back as XIX century. For example, Mineralogical Society was founded in 1817, Russian Geographical Society - in 1845, All-Russian Paleontological Society and I.P. Pavlov’s Russian Physiological Society – in 1916. Scientific societies and associations unite professional scientists, regardless of their place of work.

Societies have branches in different regions of the country thus facilitating scientific and cultural development of Russian regional scientific centers.

Societies perform considerable work towards development of the most important branches of science, coordination of scientific research and engaging of scientists and practitioners into solution of basic and applied problems. Scientific societies and associations contribute greatly to popularization of latest scientific and technical achievements, produce videos and cinemas, publish magazines, collections, works, and help with scientific and methodical assistance to teaching of specific subjects in higher and secondary educational institutions. Societies play significant role in development of international affairs of Russian scientists.

At present the Russian Academy of Sciences maintains close links with 26 scientific societies and 7 associations. Among them:

Besides, the Academy cooperates closely with: